钻石国际

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古法传承制作技艺 黄河水车巧匠力挽断代之困


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XUANMU、ZAOYAN、LAMAO、ZUOSUNXIE、JIAFUTIAO……78SUILAOLANZHOURENDUANYICUNSHOUGONGZHIZUOHUANGHESHUICHEYIYOU30DUONIAN,CONGXIAOZAIHUANGHEBIANTINGSHUICHEHONGMINGSHENGZHANGDADETASHUO,“SHUNZHESHANGYOUHESHUIDECHONGJI,MUZHICHELUNXUXUZHUANDONG,SHUIDOUYICIYAOMANSHUI,SUIZHOUZHUANDONGZHIZUIDINGDUANSHI,TONGKOUXIANGXIAQINGXIE,SHUIDAORUZHANGPAN,ZAILIURUMUCAO,ZIGAOXIEXIAYINRUSHUIQUGUANGAINONGTIAN。”

YUANBIAOTI:HUANGHESHUICHEQIAOJIANGLIWANDUANDAIZHIKUN GUFACHUANCHENGJIGONGYIYONGLIUCHUAN

近日,中新网记者走访黄河水车制作技艺传习所看到,不同尺寸规模的黄河水车外观精美。 张婧 摄

ZHONGXINWANGLANZHOU6YUE7RIDIAN(ZHANGJING GAOYING)XUANMU、ZAOYAN、LAMAO、ZUOSUNXIE、JIAFUTIAO……78SUILAOLANZHOURENDUANYICUNSHOUGONGZHIZUOHUANGHESHUICHEYIYOU30DUONIAN,CONGXIAOZAIHUANGHEBIANTINGSHUICHEHONGMINGSHENGZHANGDADETASHUO,“SHUNZHESHANGYOUHESHUIDECHONGJI,MUZHICHELUNXUXUZHUANDONG,SHUIDOUYICIYAOMANSHUI,SUIZHOUZHUANDONGZHIZUIDINGDUANSHI,TONGKOUXIANGXIAQINGXIE,SHUIDAORUZHANGPAN,ZAILIURUMUCAO,ZIGAOXIEXIAYINRUSHUIQUGUANGAINONGTIAN。”

HUANGHESHUICHESHIYIZHONGNONGTIANTIGUANSHESHI,QIWAIXINGTINGBAZHUANGMEI,JIEGOUSHUMIYOUZHI,JUJINYIYOU400DUONIANLISHI。ZAILANZHOU,SUISHUOHUANGHECHUANCHENGERGUO,DANYOUYUHEANJUHEMIANLUOCHAJIAODA,ZAOZAIMINGCHAOSHIQI,LIANGANMINZHONGCHISHUIKAOJIANTIAOLVTUO,GENGMEIBANFAYONGHESHUIGUANGAINONGTIAN。

图为78岁的段怡村介绍黄河水车结构原理。 张婧摄

图为78岁的段怡村介绍黄河水车结构原理。 张婧 摄

LANZHOUSHUICHEDECHUANGZHIRENDUANXUSHENGANDANGDINONGMINLVZAOGANHANZHIKU,YUSHIZIBEIMULIAO、PINQINGGONGJIANG、HUIZHITUYANG,CHUANGJIANCHUHOURENSUCHENG“ZUZONGCHE”DEDIYILUNLANZHOUSHUICHE。CIHOU,LANZHOUHUANGHELIANGANNONGMINJUNYISHIFANGZAO,YONGSHUICHEJIAOGUANNONGTIAN,SHOUXIAOXIANZHU。ZAIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIQIANXI,LANZHOUJIUYOUSHUICHE252LUN,TIGUANMIANJIDA10WANYUMU,RUJULONGZHIZHEN,SHIFENZHUANGGUAN。

DUANYICUNSHIDUANXUDEDI20DAISUN,TASHUO,SHUICHEJIAOGUANJIESHENGRENLI、CHULI,BUJINCHENGBENDI,HAIHAOGUANLI。BIRU,ZHIJING18MIDESHUICHE,DINGQIZAIZHOUCHENGJIANSHANGDIANJIYOU,YIZHOUYEJIUNENGGUANGAITUDI300MU。RANER,ZIDIANLIGUANGAIJISHUPUBIANYINGYONGHOU,SHUICHEZHUNIANJIANSHAO,ZHIZUOZHEHOUJIFAREN,MIANLINBINWEIZHUANGKUANG,DUIHUANGHESHUICHEZHIZUOJIYIDEBAOHUYUCHUANCHENGPOZAIMEIJIE。

2018年4月底,兰州黄河风情线上的水车。(资料图) 殷春永摄

2018年4月底,兰州黄河风情线上的水车。(资料图) 殷春永 摄

“ZUBEILIUCHUANDELAOSHOUYI,DIULEKEXI。”DUANYICUNJIAZUSHIDAIZHIZUOSHUICHE,CHULESHENGJIXUYAO,ZUOSHUICHEGENGCHENGWEITAMENDEJIAZUWENHUADAIDAIXIANGCHUAN,DANZAIQIFUQINBEI,YOUYUSHOUDIANLIGUANGAIJISHUDECHONGJI,SHOUGONGJIFAMIANLINDUANDAIWEIJI。

WEILEBURANGZHEIFENJIYIYONGJIUXIAOSHI,ZAISHANGSHIJI80NIANDAIMO,DUANYICUNKAISHIZOUJIECHUANXIANG,QINGJIAODANGDILAOGONGJIANG,TONGGUOSOUJIWENSHIZILIAODEFANGSHI,ZUNXUNZUBEIGONGYIZHIZUOGONGXU,ZHENGLICHUYIZHENGTAOGULAOSHUICHEZHIZUOJIFAHEJUEQIAO。

SUIHOU,TAZAIJIAFANXIANGDAOJU,ZHAOCHUCHUIZI、CUODAO、CHIZIDENGYIZHENGTAOZHIZUOGONGJU,CONGFENXISHUIQINGANSHI、XUANYONGMULIAO、SHEJITUGAOKAISHI,YANJIUGULAOSHUICHEDEGOUZAOYUANLI,BINGDUIQILERUZHIZHANG,SUIBUFASHIBAIJINGLI,DANJIJINGXIUGAITUZHIHEFANGONG,ZUIZHONGYOUXIAODAODA、CONGYIDAONAN,YUNYONGGUFAZHIZUOCHUYIJIAJIAWAIGUANJINGMEI、SUNMAOGOUZAODELANZHOUSHUICHEGONGYIPIN。

钻石国际SUIZHESHUICHEGUFAGONGYIDEBAOLIU,DUANYICUNDESHOUGONGJIFAYEYUJIAJINGLIANG,“WULUNSHICONGYUNCHENGSHIYONGDEJIEGOUMEIXUE,HAISHIJIESHILINGHUODEJIHELIXUEKAOLV,GUANGYIJIASHUICHEDELUNZIJIUXUYAO500DUOGEMULIAOPEIJIAN,WANQUANSHIYONGSUNMAOGOUJIA,ZHIZUOXIEZIDEJIAODUHEQIEMIANYEYOUSHIFENYANGEDEYAOQIU。”

钻石国际TAHAISHUO,XUANLIAOYAOGENJUSHUICHEBUTONGGUIMOERDING,DASHUICHECAIYONGELUOSIZHANGZISONG、HONGSONGMU,ERXIAOXINGSHUICHEZESHIYONGZAOMU、HETAOMU、XIANGCHUNMUDENG,RUCICAINENGBIMIANSHUICHEYINSHOUREZHANGLENGSUOERDAOZHISUNXIESANJIABULAOGUDEWENTI。

DUIYUHUANGHESHUICHEZHIZUOJIYIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANGUOJIAJICHUANCHENGRENDUANYICUNLAISHUO,JIANGZHEIFENZUBEILIUCHUANXIALAIDESHOUYIJIXUCHUANCHENGXIAQU,SHITAJIN20DUONIANLAISUOZHUANZHUDESHI。HOULAI,ZAIDANGDIGUANFANGDEZHICHIXIA,DUANYICUNHAISHELILEHUANGHESHUICHEZHIZUOJIYICHUANXISUO。

MUQIAN,CHUANXISUOGONGYOUXUETU10DUOREN,QIZHONG,BAOKUOTADEERZIDUANZUHONG。DANGZHONGXINWANGJIZHEZOUFANGGAICHUANXISUOSHIKANDAO,TAMENFUZI2RENZHENGZAIGONGZUOTAIZHIZUOXIEZI。

钻石国际“RUJIN,DUIYUZOUXIANGSHANGPINSHICHANGDEHUANGHESHUICHELAISHUO,QIGUANSHANGGONGNENGYIJINGZHUJIANQUDAIYUANYOUDEGUANGAIGONGNENG,WEILERANGZHEIMENLAOSHOUYILIUCHUANXIAQU,MIJUEJIUSHIGUFAJIYI。”DUANZUHONGBIAOSHI,ZIJIXIANGFUQINXUEXIZHIZUOHUANGHESHUICHEYIYOU10NIANSHIJIAN,XIANGDUIYUYIDUYINGHESHICHANGERPILIANGZHIZUODESHENGCHANSHANGLAISHUO,TAMENDEGONGYIGENGJIAZHUIQIUPINZHI。

段祖宏说,即使不使用一个螺丝、一颗钉子,也要让水车严丝合缝。同时,古法制作废工、废料,又耗时,但只有经得住时间考验和风沙打磨的水车,才是蕴含手艺背后文化的古法传承。(完)

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