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刘亚东:“新基建”,穿新鞋要走新路


来源: 钻石国际

YANXIAYITI“XINJIJIAN”,HENDUOQIYEJIEPENGYOUDOULIANGYANFANGGUANG,XINDONGJIASU,POQIEXIWANGZIJICHENGWEINEIGEJIEZUXIANDENGDEREN。YAOXIANGCANYU“XINJIJIAN”,JIUYAONONGDONG“XINJIJIAN”。CONGZHENGFUCENGMIANJIANG,RUGUO“XINJIJIAN”ZUIZHONGCHENGWEIYICI“FENDANGAO”DESHENGHUI,YEJIANGSHIYUYUANWEI,SHIBEIGONGBAN。

YUANBIAOTI:LIUYADONG:“XINJIJIAN”,CHUANXINXIEYAOZOUXINLU

YANXIAYITI“XINJIJIAN”,HENDUOQIYEJIEPENGYOUDOULIANGYANFANGGUANG,XINDONGJIASU,POQIEXIWANGZIJICHENGWEINEIGEJIEZUXIANDENGDEREN。YAOXIANGCANYU“XINJIJIAN”,JIUYAONONGDONG“XINJIJIAN”。CONGZHENGFUCENGMIANJIANG,RUGUO“XINJIJIAN”ZUIZHONGCHENGWEIYICI“FENDANGAO”DESHENGHUI,YEJIANGSHIYUYUANWEI,SHIBEIGONGBAN。

钻石国际TONGYANGZUOWEIQUANQIUWEIJIZHONGDEGUOJIAJINGJIZHENXINGJIHUA,RENMENHENZIRANDIHUIBA“XINJIJIAN”YU2008NIANDE“SIWANYIJIHUA”JINXINGLEIBI。NEIME,“XINJIJIAN”YU“SIWANYIJIHUA”YOUHEYITONG?“SIWANYIJIHUA”NENGWEI“XINJIJIAN”TIGONGNAXIEJINGYANHEJIAOXUN?

HUIGU“SIWANYIJIHUA”,SHIRENGONGXINBUBUZHANGLIYIZHONGSHUOGUOZHEIYANGYIDUANHUA:“WOJIDEDANGSHIZAIGONGYEQIYEZHONGYOUYIJUKOUHAO,JIAOZUO‘ZAIJINRONGWEIJIZHONGBUCAIYUAN、BUJIANXIN’。ZHEIGEKOUHAODUIBUDUI?WOJUEDEDUI,ZAIDANGSHIDEQINGKUANGXIAJIXUBAOCHIWENDING,BIXUSHIQUANGUORENMINTUANJIEYIZHI,BAOTUANQUNUAN,ZHEISHIDUIDE。DANHUIGUOTOULAIZIXIZHUOMOZHEIJUHUA,TABUFUHESHICHANGGUILV。ZAINEIZHONGJIDUANKUNNANDESHIHOU,KENDINGYAOYOUQIYEPOCHAN,YOUQIYETUICHU,KENDINGYAOXIAGANGFENLIU,KENDINGYAOJIANSHAOSHOURU,JIANGJINYEBUNENGZAIFANEIMEDUOLE。ZAIJIDUKUNNANDESHIHOUBUJIANXIN、BUJIANREN,SHENMESHIHOUJIANXINJIANREN?”

钻石国际LIYIZHONGXIANSHENGDEZHEIDUANHUAYIWEISHENZHANG,YOUFARENSHENSHENG。

“新基建”是“四万亿计划”的扬弃

CONGCHUTAIBEIJING、ZHANLVEMUBIAO、SHISHIFANGFA、YIYIHEYINGXIANGDENGFANGMIANKAN,“XINJIJIAN”YU“SIWANYIJIHUA”WANQUANBUKETONGRIERYU。JIANYANZHI,ZHIYOURANGSHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGQIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONGHEGENGHAOFAHUIZHENGFUZUOYONG,“XINJIJIAN”CAINENGQULIBIHAI,WEIZHONGGUOJINGJIZHUANXINGSHENGJITIGONGQIANGDAZHICHENG。

2008NIAN9YUE,GUOJIJINRONGWEIJIQUANMIANBAOFAHOU,ZHONGGUOJINGJIZENGSUKUAISUHUILUO,CHUKOUCHUXIANFUZENGZHANG,DAPINONGMINGONGFANXIANG,JINGJIMIANLINYINGZHELUDEFENGXIAN。WEILEYINGDUIZHEIZHONGWEIJU,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUYU2008NIAN11YUETUICHULEJINYIBUKUODANEIXU、CUJINJINGJIPINGWENJIAOKUAIZENGZHANGDESHIXIANGCUOSHI。SHISHIZHEISHIDACUOSHI,DAO2010NIANDIYUEXUTOUZI4WANYIYUAN。ZHEIJIUSHISUOWEIDE“SIWANYIJIHUA”。

钻石国际“SIWANYIJIHUA”TONGGUOZENGJIAZHENGFUZHICHU,ZAIBAOZHANGJIUYE、TIZHENXIAOFEI、BIMIANJINGJIXIAHUADENGFANGMIANSHOUDAOLEMINGXIANDECHENGXIAO;TONGGUOJIAQIANGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,YEWEIWOGUOJINGJIZHANGQIKECHIXUFAZHANDAXIAJICHU。DANQIXIAOJIYINGXIANGYESHIMINGXIANDE。“SIWANYIJIHUA”YANZHONGCIJILEGUONEITONGHUOPENGZHANG。HUOBIDELANFADAOZHIXUNIJINGJIGUODUZENGZHANG,ERSHITIJINGJIXIANGDUIWEISUO。YOUQISHIFANGJIADEGUOKUAIZENGZHANGYANZHONGWEIBEILEJINGJIGUILV,TOUZHILEWEILAIFAZHANQIANLI,CONGERDAOZHICHENGXIANGCHAJULADAYIJIPINFUBUJUNJIAJU。ERFANGDICHANDEFANRONGYOUBANSUIZHEDIFANGZHAIGAOQI,JIJINGJIYUNXINGDAILAIJUDAFENGXIAN。

YOULE“SIWANYIJIHUA”DEQIANCHEZHIJIAN,BIZHERENWEI,“XINJIJIAN”ZHISHAOYINGYOUYIXIAGAIBIAN。

钻石国际DIYI,“XINJIJIAN”ZHONGDEZHENGFUJIAOSEYINGDANGZHUANHUAN。“XINJIJIAN”HECHUANTONGJIJIANDOUJUYOUJICHUXING、GONGGONGXINGHETONGYONGXINGDENGSHUXING,DANGRANLIBUKAIZHENGFUDETONGCHOUHEBUJU。DAN“XINJIJIAN”YEYINGDANGGUIBICHUANTONGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEZOUGUODEWANLU,TEBIEYAOPOJIEZHENGFUBAOBAN、YIHONGERSHANG、CHANNENGGUOSHENGDENGLAODANANWENTI。ZAISHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHENGFUDEZHINENGHEZHENGFUTUIDONGXIANGMUDEFANGFAYINGDANGGAIBIAN,YAOZAIGENGDACHENGDUSHANGSHIXIANCONGLINGDAODAOYINDAO、CONGZHIHUIDAOFUWU、CONGDINGGUIHUADAODINGGUIZEDEJIAOSEZHUANHUAN。

钻石国际DIER,“XINJIJIAN”YINGDANGJUYOUQIANGLIEDESHANGYEHUASHUXING。QIZHONG,QIYEYINGGAIFAHUIZHUTI、ZHUDAOHEZHUJIAOZUOYONG。JINGGUOGAIGEKAIFANG40DUONIANKUAISUFAZHAN,TEBIEJINXIENIANWOGUOSHUZIJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,WOGUOYIJINGYONGYOUYIPISHIJIEJIDESHUZIHUAXINXITONGXINQIYE,TAMENYINGDANGCHENGWEI“XINJIJIAN”ZHONGZUIHUOYUEDEYAOSUHELILIANG。

钻石国际DISAN,“XINJIJIAN”YINGDANGCHENGWEIYIGEKAIFANGDEPINGTAI。YAOYIGUOJIAZHENGCEHEZIJINWEIYINDAO,GUANGFANXINAGEFANGMIANLILIANG(BAOKUOGUOWAILILIANG)CANYU。YUCHUANTONGJIJIANXIANGBI,“XINJIJIAN”JISHUCHUANGXINXINGQIANG、FAZHANBIANHUAKUAI,HAIMIANLINGENGDADESHICHANGBUQUEDINGXING。SUOYI,BIXUZAIYUSHICHANGXUQIUXIANGOUHEZHONGCHUANGZAOJIAZHI,BIXUGULIBUTONGZHUTIYUNYONGSHICHANGJIZHIKAIZHANHEZUO,CHONGFENFAHUIQIYEDECHUANGXINNENGLI。“XINJIJIAN”CHANYELIANTIAOZHANG,DAIDONGXIAOYINGMINGXIAN,XIANGYINGHUIDAILAIDALIANGXINZENGJIUYE,BINGHUIYOUHUAZHONGGUOJIUYERENYUANDEJIEGOU。TONGSHI,ZUOWEI“XINJIJIAN”DEZHONGYAOLILIANG,TIELU、DIANWANGDENGLINGYUDEDAXINGGUOYOUQIYEZAIGAOSUTIELU、TEGAOYADIANWANGDENGFANGMIANWUYIJIANGJIXUFAHUIZHEZHUDAOZUOYONG,DANZHEIXIELINGYUYEKEYITONGGUOHELIDEJIZHILAIXIYINSHEHUIZIBENHEMINYINGQIYECANYU。

DISI,“XINJIJIAN”YINGDANGGULITOURONGZIQUDAODUOYUANHUA。“XINJIJIAN”DETOUZIGUIMOXIANRANSHIJUDADE,NANYIJINGQUEGUJI。ERQIE,“XINJIJIAN”TOUZIJUYOUZHANGQIXINGDETEDIAN。CHUANTONGYIYISHANGDEJICHUSHESHIZHUYAOSHIYOUZHENGFUTOUZI,DANSUIZHESHEHUILILIANGTEBIESHIMINYINGQIYEDEZHUANGDA,SHEHUIZIBENGUIMOBUDUANKUOZHANYIJISHEHUIZIJINLAIYUANRIYIDUOYUANHUA,JINTIANDE“XINJIJIAN”YIJINGYOUKENENGBUZAIRANGZHENGFUCHANGDUJIAOXI,ERGENGDUOSHIYOUZHENGFU、QIYE、SHEHUILILIANGHEZUOWANCHENG。DUOYUANHUADETOURONGZIQUDAOJIANGCHENGWEIRUCIPANGDADEZIJINGUIMODEKEKAOBAOZHANG。

钻石国际DIWU,“XINJIJIAN”YINGDANGGENGJIAGUANZHUZHISHICHANQUANBAOHU。YAOLIQIUZAIZHISHICHANQUANDEHUOQU、GUISHU、FENPEI、ZHUANYIDENGFANGMIAN,FUHESHICHANGJINGJIGUILV,FUHEGUOJIALIYI,FUHEGUOJIGUIZEHEGUANLI。

钻石国际DILIU,“XINJIJIAN”DEZUZHIXINGSHIYINGGAIBAOZHANGJUECEDEKEXUEHUAHEMINZHUHUA。

“新基建”奏响中国经济转型升级的最强音

钻石国际“XINJIJIAN”JUYOUXIANMINGDESHIDAITEZHENG。TADE“XIN”ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAISANGEFANGMIAN。

YISHIJISHUXIN。“XINJIJIAN”ZHUYAOBAOKUO5GJIZHANJIANSHE、TEGAOYA、CHENGJIGAOSUTIELUHECHENGSHIGUIDAOJIAOTONG、XINNENGYUANQICHECHONGDIANZHUANG、DASHUJUZHONGXIN、RENGONGZHINENG、GONGYEHULIANWANGQIDALINGYU,SHEJIZHUDUOCHANYELIAN。“XINJIJIAN”YAOQIUBAZHEIXIEXINYIDAIGAOXINJISHU,TEBIESHIXINXIJISHUWUHUAWEIXINXINGJICHUSHESHI。

ERSHIXUQIUXIN。SHUZIJINGJISHIZHONGGUODEGUOJIAZHANLVE,YESHISHIJIECHAOLIU。DANGXIAWOMENCHANYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIYIJITIGAOSHEHUIZHILINENGLIHESHUIPINGDENG,DOUZAIHUHUANSHUZIHUA、WANGLUOHUAHEZHINENGHUA,ERZHEIXIEZHENGSHI“XINJIJIAN”DETIZHONGYINGYOUZHIYI。

钻石国际SANSHIJIZHIXIN。CHUANTONGJIJIANDEGONGNENGSHUXINGXIANGDUIDULI,BIANJIEBIJIAOQINGXI。“XINJIJIAN”SHEJIDEXUDUOJISHUJIYOUZISHENTEXING,YOUXUYAOXIANGHUJIAOCHARONGHE。YINCI,YIGONGYEHULIANWANG、5G、DASHUJUZHONGXINDENGSHUZIJICHUSHESHIWEIDAIBIAODE“XINJIJIAN”JISHIJICHUSHESHI,YOUSHIXINXINGCHANYE。DUIYUZHEIXIEXINSHIWU,HENNANYANYONGCHUANTONGDEJIANGUANSILUHEFAZHANMOSHI,JIDAIYIXINJIZHIWEIQIYINGZAOFAZHANDEKONGJIANHEHUANJING。

钻石国际BENSHIJIYILAI,QUANQIULAODONGLICHENGBENPUBIANSHANGSHENG,LAOLINGHUARIYIYANZHONG,RENKOUHONGLIZHUJIANXIAOSHI,HUANJINGZIYUANYALIYUELAIYUEDA。YUCITONGSHI,SHIJIEXINJISHUBIANGEFENGQIYUNYONG,JIRENLEIDAILAIJIEJUEGEZHONGGONGTONGWEIJIDEXIWANG。JISHIXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGHUIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGCHIZHIZHEIYIJINCHENG,DANZONGDEQUSHIBUHUIFASHENGNIZHUAN。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEIYANGDEFENGKOULANGJIANSHANG,ZHONGGUOCONG“XINJIJIAN”SHANGFALI,TUIDONGCHANYELIANHEJIAZHILIANXIANGSHANGYOUZHUANYI,YOUWANGRANGZHONGGUOJINGJIFAZHANFANGSHIFASHENGTUOTAIHUANGUDETUIBIAN。

钻石国际SUIZHE“XINJIJIAN”DEBUDUANTUIJIN,JUEDADUOSHUDEQIYELUXUSHIXIANLIANWANG,YEWUQUANMIANSHUZIHUA,ZHEIJIANGDAILAILAODONGSHENGCHANLVDEQUANMIANTISHENG,CONGERGAIBIANSHENGCHANGUANXI。ZAIDAILAITOUZIDAFUZENGZHANGDETONGSHI,YEJIANGYOULIDICUJINXIAOFEISHENGJI。ZHEIXIEBUJINYOULIYUDUICHONGYIQINGDAOZHIDEJINGJIXIAXING,ERQIEHAIKEYITUIDONGZHENGGEZHONGGUOJINGJIDESHUZIHUAZHUANXING,CONGERJINRUXINDEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDESHIDAI。

钻石国际SHISHISHANG,XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGFASHENGYILAI,YU“XINJIJIAN”YOUGUANDEGEZHONGXINJISHUYIJINGZAI“ZHANYI”XINGDONGZHONGXIANLUFENGMANG。DASHUJUYIQINGSHAICHAFANGKONG、YIYONGWUZISHENGCHANDIAOYUN、YUANCHENGYILIAO、ZAIXIANBANGONG、ZAIXIANJIAOYU、SHENGHUOWUZIWANGGOU、YOUXUFUGONGFUCHANDENG,RANGZHENGGESHEHUIRENGRANKEYIGAOXIAOYUNZHUAN,QIZHONGSHUZIJICHUSHESHITUXIANLEZHONGYAODEBAOZHANGHEZHICHENGZUOYONG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGJIASULEXIANSHANGXUQIU、XIANSHANGJINGJI、XIANSHANGFUWUDEFAZHAN,TONGSHIYEJIASULESHUZIHUAJICHUSHESHIHESHUZIJINGJIDEFAZHAN。

“新基建”赋能传统基建和传统产业

YUCHUANTONGJIJIANXIANGBI,XINXINGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHENEIHANGENGJIAFENGFU,HANGAIFANWEIGENGGUANG,GENGNENGTIXIANSHUZIJINGJITEZHENG,NENGGOUGENGHAODITUIDONGZHONGGUOJINGJIZHUANXINGSHENGJI。RANER,WOMENBUNENGBALIANGZHEWANQUANGELIEKAILAI,“XINJIJIAN”YEBUYIWEIZHEKEYITIDAICHUANTONGJIJIAN。RUOMEIYOUFADATONGCHANGDEJIAOTONGTIXI,SHUZIJINGJI、ZHIHUICHENGSHIDOUZHINENGCHENGWEIKONGZHONGLOUGE;RUOBUYUXIANDAIJISHUSHENDURONGHE,JIAOTONGYUNSHUTIXIHECHENGXIANGJICHUSHESHITIXIDEZHINENGHUAHESHUZIHUAYEWUCONGTANQI。YINCI,“XINJIJIAN”BUJINBAOKUOYI5G、SHUJUZHONGXIN、GONGYEHULIANWANG、WULIANWANGDENGWEIDAIBIAODEXINYIDAIXINXIJICHUSHESHI,HAIBAOKUOLIYONGSHUZIJISHUDUICHUANTONGJICHUSHESHIDESHUZIHUA、ZHINENGHUAGAIZAO。

2020NIAN2YUE14RI,ZHONGYANGQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEWEIYUANHUIDISHIERCIHUIYIZHICHU,“JICHUSHESHISHIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEZHONGYAOZHICHENG,YAOYIZHENGTIYOUHUA、XIETONGRONGHEWEIDAOXIANG,TONGCHOUCUNLIANGHEZENGLIANG、CHUANTONGHEXINXINGJICHUSHESHIFAZHAN,DAZAOJIYUEGAOXIAO、JINGJISHIYONG、ZHINENGLVSE、ANQUANKEKAODEXIANDAIHUAJICHUSHESHITIXI。”

2020NIAN4YUE20RI,GUOJIAFAGAIWEITICHUXINXINGJICHUSHESHIZHUYAOBAOKUOSANFANGMIANNEIRONG:YISHIXINXIJICHUSHESHI,ERSHIRONGHEJICHUSHESHI,SANSHICHUANGXINJICHUSHESHI。QIZHONGDIERFANGMIANZHUYAOZHISHENDUYINGYONGHULIANWANG、DASHUJU、RENGONGZHINENGDENGJISHU,ZHICHENGCHUANTONGJICHUSHESHIZHUANXINGSHENGJI,JINERXINGCHENGDERONGHEJICHUSHESHI,BIRUZHINENGJIAOTONGJICHUSHESHI、ZHIHUINENGYUANJICHUSHESHIDENG。

ZHONGGUOJICHUSHESHIFAZHANCHENGJIUJUDA,DANHAICUNZAIBUSHAOTUCHUWENTI。ZUOWEIQUANQIUZUIDADEFAZHANZHONGGUOJIA,CHUANTONGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEQIANZHANGHENDUO,ZAILIANGHEZHISHANGYUFADAGUOJIAXIANGBIDOUHAICUNZAIHENDACHAJU,XINXINGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHERENZHONGDAOYUAN。“SHISIWU”SHIWOGUOCONGQUANMIANXIAOKANGMAIXIANGCHUBUXIANDAIHUAGUOJIADEDIYIGEWUNIANGUIHUA,YESHIGUOJIXINGSHIDABIANHUA、GUOJIGEJUDADIAOZHENGDESHIQI,SHIZHONGGUOTUIDONGXINCHANYEGEMINGDEZHONGYAOSHIQI。CHUANTONGCHANYEZHUANXINGSHENGJI、FAZHANXINXINGCHANYE、TUIJINXINJISHUBIANGE,DOUXUYAOYOU“XINJIJIAN”。“XINJIJIAN”WUYIJIANGSHI“SHISIWU”JICHUSHESHIJIANSHEDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。

2020NIAN1YUE3RI,GUOWUYUANCHANGWUHUIYIQUEDINGCUJINZHIZAOYEWENZENGZHANGDECUOSHISHI,TICHU“DALIFAZHANXIANJINZHIZAOYE,CHUTAIXINXIWANGLUODENGXINXINGJICHUSHESHITOUZIZHICHIZHENGCE,TUIJINZHINENG、LVSEZHIZAO。”“XINJIJIAN”JIYOUSHEHUIGONGYISHUXING,YEYOUXIANMINGDEXINGYETESE,XUYAOQUANSHEHUIBAOKUOXINXIJISHUQIYEHEQITAGONGYEQIYEXIETONGNULI。“XINJIJIAN”YAOTUIJINXINXIJISHUYUZHIZAOJISHUSHENDURONGHE,TUIJINDIANZIXINXICHANYEYUCHUIZHIXINGYEKUAJIERONGHE。SUOYI,CUJINCHUANTONGCHANYEZHUANXINGSHENGJI,YESHI“XINJIJIAN”DEZHONGYAOLISHISHIMING。

(作者刘亚东,南开大学新闻传播学院院长、教授,范长江新闻奖获得者)

[ZERENBIANJI:LINTINGTING]

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