钻石国际

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来源:凤凰网甘肃综合

JINGJIWENTIZONGSHIGONGJICEWENTIYUXUQIUCEWENTIDEYOUJITONGYI,FENXIGONGJICEWENTI,BUKENENGWANQUANTUOLIXUQIUCEWENTI,TONGYANG,FENXIXUQIUCEWENTI,YEBUKENENGWANQUANTUOLIGONGJICEWENTI。DANWOMENKEYIGENJUJINGJILILUNFENXIDEZHONGDIANGUANZHUDIANBUTONGLAIDUIERZHEJINXINGQUFEN。ZHONGDIANGUANZHUDIANZHUYAOZAIGONGJIFANGMIANDE,KEYIRENWEISHIGONGJICEJINGJILILUN;ZHONGDIANGUANZHUDIANZHUYAOZAIXUQIUCEFANGMIANDE,KEYIRENWEISHIXUQIUCEJINGJILILUN。

钻石国际JINGJIWENTIZONGSHIGONGJICEWENTIYUXUQIUCEWENTIDEYOUJITONGYI,FENXIGONGJICEWENTI,BUKENENGWANQUANTUOLIXUQIUCEWENTI,TONGYANG,FENXIXUQIUCEWENTI,YEBUKENENGWANQUANTUOLIGONGJICEWENTI。DANWOMENKEYIGENJUJINGJILILUNFENXIDEZHONGDIANGUANZHUDIANBUTONGLAIDUIERZHEJINXINGQUFEN。ZHONGDIANGUANZHUDIANZHUYAOZAIGONGJIFANGMIANDE,KEYIRENWEISHIGONGJICEJINGJILILUN;ZHONGDIANGUANZHUDIANZHUYAOZAIXUQIUCEFANGMIANDE,KEYIRENWEISHIXUQIUCEJINGJILILUN。

GUANZHONG(YUEGONGYUANQIAN730NIANZHIQIAN645NIAN)SHIZHONGGUOGUDAISHEHUIZUIZAODUIJINGJIXUEYOUXITONGSIKAODESIXIANGJIA。ZAIXIANCUN《GUANZI》QISHILIUPIANZHONG,YUEYOUSANFENZHIERSHEJIJINGJIWENTI,YUEYOUSANFENZHIYIZHUANTANJINGJIWENTI,ZHEIZAIXIANQINGEXUEPAIDEZHUZUOZHONGSHIJIQITESHUDEQINGKUANG。

CONGGONGJICEHEXUQIUCEJIAODUKAN,GUANZHONGDEJINGJILILUN,ZONGTIYINGSHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUE。

钻石国际DIYI,《GUANZI》RENWEI,TUDISHICAIFUZHONGYAODESHENGCHANZILIAO,LAODONGSHICAIFUDEZHONGYAOYUANQUAN。

钻石国际DIER,TICHANGFENGONG。GUANZHONGZHUZHANGJIANGBEITONGZHIDEGUANGDAQUNZHONGANZHAOTAMENDEZHIYEFENWEISHI、NONG、GONGSHANGSIDALEI,TONGSHIZHUZHANGSIDAJITUANBUNENGHUNHEZACHU,BIXUGEANQIZHIYE“QUNCUIERZHOUCHU”。(HUJICHUANG:《ZHONGGUOJINGJISIXIANGSHIJIANBIAN》LIXINHUIJICHUBANSHE1997NIAN3YUEDIYIBAN,P21,P127,P129)

DISAN,TICHANGJIANSHUI。GUANZHONGZAIDUIQIGUODEZHILISHIJIANZHONG,CAIQULEDAGUIMOJIANSHUICUOSHI。JU《GUANZI·DAKUANG》JIZAI:“HUANGONGJIANWEISHIJIUNIAN,CHIGUANSHIZHIZHENG,WUSHIERQUYI。FULUYISU,ANTIANERSHUI,ERSUIERSHUIYI,SHANGNIANSHENQUSAN,ZHONGNIANSHENQUER,XIANIANSHENQUYI;SUIJIBUSHUI,SUIJICHIERSHUI。”YISISHISHUO,ZAIQIHUANGONGZAIWEI19NIANZHONG,JIANGGUANSHUISHUILVHESHANGYESHUILVJIANGZHI2%,NONGYESHUIANTUDIMIANJIZHENGSHOU,QIEGAIWEILIANGNIANZHENGSHOUYICI;SHOUCHENGHAOSHINONGYESHUILVWEI30%,SHOUCHENGZHONGDENGSHINONGYESHUILVWEI20%,SHOUCHENGCHASHINONGYESHUILVWEI10%;YOUJIHUANGJIUMIANZHENG,HUOHUANZHENG。ZONGZHI,GUANZHONGDEGONGJICEGUANLIZHENGCE,YOULICUJINLEQIGUOJINGJIDEFAZHAN,WEIQIGUOJUEQIBINGZUIZHONGCHENGWEI“CHUNQIUWUBA”ZHISHOUDIANDINGLEHAODEJINGJIJICHU。(SUJIAN:《XINGONGJIJINGJIXUE:LILUNYUSHIJIAN》ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUECHUBANSHE,2016NIAN6YUEDIYIBAN,P11)

钻石国际WOGUOGUDAIXIANQINFAJIALIKUI(YUEGONGYUANQIAN450ZHIYUEQIAN390NIAN)DEJINGJISIXIANGDATISHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUE。LIKUISHIZHONGNONGZHUYIZHE,RENWEINONGYESHICAIFUDEWEIYIYUANQUAN。“NONGSHANGZEGUOPIN”。(《HANSHU·SHIHUOJI》)TONGSHI,LIKUIZHONGSHITIGAONONGYESHENGCHANXIAOLV。“ZHITIANZEQIN,ZEMUYISANDOU,BUQIN,ZESUNYIRUZHI。”(《HANSHU·SHIHUOJI》)DANWEILEWENDINGLIANGSHIJIAGE,LIKUIYOUTICHULEPINGDIZHENGCE(HUJICHUANG:《ZHONGGUOJINGJISIXIANGSHIJIANBIAN》LIXINHUIJICHUBANSHE1997NIAN3YUEDIYIBAN,P107),ZHEISHUYUGONGJICEHEXUQIUCEYOUJIJIEHEDEYIZHONGZHENGCE。SUOYI,LIKUIDEJINGJISIXIANG,YEYOUYIXIEXUQIUCEDEYINSU。

LINGWAI,WOGUOGUDAIXUNZI(YUEGONGYUANQIAN331ZHIYUEQIAN238NIAN)DEJINGJISIXIANGYESHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUE。YISHIXUNZIZHUZHANGFENGONG,RENWEIFENGONGYOULIYUTIGAOJINGJIXIAOLV。“NONGFENTIANERGENG,JIAFENHUOERFAN,BAIGONGFENSHIERQIN”。YOUYUGEYEZHUANYI,CAINENGBAJIYITIGAODAOJINGMIAODECHENGDU。(HUJICHUANG:《ZHONGGUOJINGJISIXIANGSHIJIANBIAN》LIXINHUIJICHUBANSHE1997NIAN3YUEDIYIBAN,P95)ERSHIXUNZIRENWEINONGYESHISHEHUIZUIZHONGYAODESHENGCHANBUMEN,SHICAIFUSHENGCHANDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN,ERGONGSHANGYESHIBUSHENGCHANDE,BIXUYUYIYIZHI。TASHUO:“SHIDAFUZHONGZEGUOPIN。GONGSHANGZHONGZEGUOPIN┄┄TIANYEXIANBIZHE,CAIZHIBENYE。”“QINGTIANYEZHISHUI,PINGGUANSHIZHIZHENG,SHENGSHANGJIAZHISHU,HANXINGLIYI,WUDUONONGSHI,RUSHIZEGUOFUYI”。(HUJICHUANG:《ZHONGGUOJINGJISIXIANGSHIJIANBIAN》LIXINHUIJICHUBANSHE1997NIAN3YUEDIYIBAN,P98、P99)

钻石国际SHANGYANGBIANFA,ZAIJINGJIFANGMIANDEGAIGEYESHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUE。GAODUZHONGSHINONGYE,XIANZHIFEINONGYESHENGCHANHUODONG。DALIZENGJIANONGYERENKOU。SHIXINGYOULIYUNONGYEDEZUSHUIZHENGCE,DUIFEINONGYEHUODONGSHIXINGZHONGSHUIZHENGCE。“BUNONGZHIZHENGBIDUO,SHILIZHIZUBIZHONG。”(《SHANGJUNSHU·WAINEI》)SHIXINGTUDIZIYOUMAIMAIDENG。TONGGUOGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE,QINGUOZUIZHONGSHIXIANLEQIANGGUOMUDE。

钻石国际XIHANYANTIEHUIYISHANGRUJIAFANDUIPAIDEJINGJISIXIANG,YEDATISHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUE。YANTIEHUIYIYIJIANCHAWUDIYILAISUOSHIXINGDEJINGJIZHENGCEWEIMING,YUHANZHAODILIUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN81NIAN)ZHAOKAI。ZAIZHEICIHUIYISHANG,SANGHONGYANGJIYIXIEZHENGFUGUANYUANWEIXIANSHIZHENGCEBIANHU,ERRUJIAZEQUANMIANYUYIFANDUI。RUJIATICHUDEZHUYAOJINGJIZHENGCECUOSHISHI:ZHONGSHINONGYE;RENWEIZHIYOUNONGYECAISHENGCHANCAIFU,FOUDINGGONGSHANGYENENGZHIFU,QINGSHIGONGSHANGYE;FANDUIJINGJIGANSHE;FANJIANBING;JIANCHIJINGTIANZHIDU;FANDUIDUIWAIMAOYI;TICHANGWUWUJIAOHUAN,HUOBIZHUZAOQUANHUIGUIMINJIAN;XIAOFEITICHANGJIEJIAN;ZAIZUSHUISHANGJIANCHISHENYIZHISHUIDENONGYESHUI,FANDUIZHONGSHUI。(HUJICHUANG:《ZHONGGUOJINGJISIXIANGSHIJIANBIAN》LIXINHUIJICHUBANSHE1997NIAN3YUEDIYIBAN,P225-229)RUJIATICHUDESHANGSHUZHENGCECUOSHI,ZHONGDIANDADOUZAIGONGJICEFANGMIAN,ERBUZAIXUQIUCE。

ZONGTIKAN,YOUYUWOGUOGUDAISHEHUIYIZHIJIANCHIZHONGNONGYISHANGZHENGCE,SUOYIWOGUOGUDAISHEHUIDEJINGJIXUE,YINGZONGTISHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUEFANCHOU。

钻石国际XIFANGDEZHONGNONGXUEPAISHIZUIZAOXIANGDUICHENGSHUDEGONGJICEJINGJIXUEPAI。ZHONGNONGXUEPAIHEXINSHIZHONGSHINONGYEDEGONGJI,QIZHUYAOSIXIANGJUTIBAOKUO:JIANGZIRANZHIXUDEGAINIANYINRUDAOJINGJISIXIANGZHONG,RENWEIRENLEIDEJINGJIGUILVYINGTONGZIRANGUILVXIANGXIEDIAO;TICHUZIYOUFANGREN,FANDUIZHENGFUGUANZHI;ZHONGSHINONGYE,RENWEIZHIYOUNONGYECAISHISHENGCHANXINGDE;RENWEIYINGGAIZHIDUITUDISUOYOUZHEZHENGSHUI;CONGGONGJICEJIAODUDUIJINGJILIUCHENGJINXINGLEFENXI,RUKUINAIDEJINGJIBIAO。

钻石国际GUDIANJINGJIXUEDATISHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUE。YOUXIEXUEZHEZAIZHUZUOHUOLUNWENZHONGRENWEIGUDIANJINGJIXUESHUYUXUQIUCE,ZHEISHIBUZHUNQUEDE。CONGGUDIANJINGJIXUEDEZONGTITEZHENGKAN:SHOUXIAN,GUDIANJINGJIXUERENWEILAODONGFENGONGSHITIGAOXIAOLVDEZHONGYAOJICHU,ZHEISHIGONGJICE,BUSHIXUQIUCE。QICI,ZAIZHENGCEQUXIANGSHANG,GUDIANJINGJIXUEJIANCHIZIYOUFANGREN,DANMUDEZHUYAOLUOJIAOYUCUJINGONGJICEDEXIAOLV,BINGTONGGUOGONGJICEXIAOLVDETIGAO,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANSHEHUIXIAOLVDETIGAO。RUGUDIANJINGJIXUEDEDAIBIAORENWUSIMIRENWEI,TONGGUOZIYOUJINGZHENG,TONGGUOKANBUJIANDESHOUDEYINDAO,MEIYIGESHENGCHANZHEHESHANGRENBUDEBUNULITIGAOCHANPINZHILIANG,BUDEBUJINKENENGJIANGDIXIAOSHOUJIAGE,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANSHEHUIZONGCHANCHUZUIDAHUA。ZAICI,ZAIJIAZHILUNCENGMIAN,GUDIANJINGJIXUEDATIJIANCHILAODONGJIAZHILUN,ZHEIYESHIGONGJICE,BUSHIXUQIUCE。

钻石国际SAYISUIRANTICHUSAYIDINGLI,RENWEIGONGJIHUIZIDONGCHUANGZAOXUQIU,DANSAYILILUNFENXIDELUOJIAODIANSHIZAIXUQIUCE,ERBUSHIGONGJICE。ZAI《ZHENGZHIJINGJIXUEGAILUN》(SAYI:SHANGWUYINSHUGUAN2010NIANBAN)ZHEIBENSHUZHONG,SAYIDIYIPIANLUNSHUCAIFUDESHENGCHANWENTI,DIERPIANLUNSHUCAIFUDEFENPEIWENTI,DISANPIANLUNSHUCAIFUDEXIAOFEIWENTI,QIZHONGDISANPIANGOUCHENGLEQUANSHUFENXIDELUOJIAODIAN。LINGWAI,SAYIFANDUIGUDIANJINGJIXUEDELAODONGJIAZHILUN。SUOYI,ZONGTIKAN,SAYIHEYISIMIWEIDAIBIAODEGUDIANJINGJIXUEXIANGBI,QIXUQIUCEFENXISUOZHANDECHENGFENYINGGENGDA,ERBUSHIGENGSHAO。

MAKESIZHUYIJINGJIXUEZONGTIYINGSHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUE。YINWEIMAKESIZHUYIJINGJIXUEJIANCHILAODONGJIAZHILUN。LINGWAI,MAKESIGUANYUSHENGCHANSUOYOUZHIDELILUN,GUANYUZIBENJIZHONGDELILUNHEZIBENYOUJIGOUCHENGTIGAODELILUNFENXI,DOUSHILIZUYUGONGJICEFANGMIAN,ERBUSHIXUQIUCE。ZAIMAKESIZHUYIJINGJIXUEDELILUNKUANGJIAZHONG,MAODUNDEZHUYAOFANGMIANSHIZAIGONGJICE,ERBUZAIXUQIUCE。

钻石国际DUIYUXINGUDIANJINGJIXUE,YOUXUEZHERENWEISHISHUYUXUQIUCEJINGJILILUN,ZHEIZHONGGUANDIANYESHIBUZHUNQUEDE。XINGUDIANJINGJIXUEYINGSHIGONGJICEYUXUQIUCEDEYIGEYOUJIZONGHE。YINWEIXINGUDIANJINGJIXUEJIYOUXIAOFEIZHEJUNHENGLILUN,YEYOUSHENGCHANZHEJUNHENGLILUN。ERSHENGCHANZHEJUNHENGLILUN,YINGSHUYUGONGJICE。

LINGWAI,YIXIEXUEZHEJIANGKAIENSIJINGJILILUNWANQUANGUIJIEWEIXUQIUCEJINGJIXUE,CIGUANDIANYEZHIDESHANGQUE。KAIENSIJINGJIXUESUIRANQIANGDIAOXUQIUDAOXIANG,DANYEYOUGONGJICEFENXIDEYINSU。RUTOUZIXUQIU,BENZHIJIUSHUYUGONGJICE。CONGZHENGTIDELILUNFENXIKAN,KAIENSILILUNYINGSHIXUQIUCEHEGONGJICEDEYOUJIJIEHE,SHIZAIGONGJIYUXUQIUDEJIEHEZHONG,XUNQIUGUOMINSHOURUHEJIUYEDEJUNHENGSHUIPING。

LINGWAI,GUANYUGONGJIXUEPAI,DAJIAPUBIANRENWEISHISHUYUGONGJICEJINGJIXUE,CIGUANDIANYESHIYIZHIDESHANGQUEDEGUANDIAN。YINWEIGONGJIXUEPAIZAISHIJIANSHANGJUTILUOSHIWEILIGENJINGJIXUE,ERLIGENJINGJIXUEDEJIANSHUIZHUZHANG,JIBAOKUOJIANGONGJIFANGMIANDESHUIFU,RUQIYESHUI,JIANGYUANLAIZUIGAO46%DEWUJISHUILVGAIWEIZUIGAO34%DESANJISHUILV,YEBAOKUOJIANXUQIUFANGMIANDESHUIFU,RUGERENSUODESHUI,JIANGZUIGAOSHUILVWEI50%、ZUIDISHUILVWEI11%DE15JILEIJINSHUIZHIGAIWEI15%、28%HE33%DESANJISHUILV。(SUJIAN:《XINGONGJIJINGJIXUE:LILUNYUSHIJIAN》ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUECHUBANSHE,2016NIAN6YUEDIYIBAN,P126)ZUIZHONGGONGJIXUEPAIDEZHENGCEXIAOGUOSHIJITIXIANZAIGONGJICEFANGMIAN,YETIXIANZAIXUQIUCEFANGMIAN,SHILIANGFANGMIANXIAOGUODEZONGHE。

钻石国际MUQIAN,MIANDUIJINGJIXINXINGSHI,ZHONGGUOJIJITUIJINGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE,ZHEIYIZHONGDAJINGJIZHANLVEYEJIANGJINYIBUTUIDONGJINGJIXUEZHONGDACHUANGXIN。

(作者:中共甘肃省委党校(甘肃行政学院)中国特色社会主义理论体系研究中心主任、二级教授,甘肃省人民政府决策咨询委员会委员,甘肃省中国特色社会主义理论体系研究中心特约研究员,凤凰网甘肃频道特约评论员)

[ZERENBIANJI:QIANHESHAN]

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